Grandfather clock
Laich of Moray Clocks - Clock Repairs, Restoraton and Servicing in MorayLaich of Moray Clocks - A Member of the British Watch & Clockmakers Guild

Apart from the long-case clock, there are two other types of clocks thought of as English Clocks, they are the Bracket clock and the Wall Clock, which is known by many different titles.

Bracket Clocks were spring driven with a short pendulum, generally housed in a wooden case, and designed to stand on a table, sideboard, mantelpiece or wall bracket. The more expensive versions have a fusee movement. A fusee is a device that allows a clock to run at a constant speed over the week. Early springs would have been stronger when first wound and would become very weak as they wound down, resulting in inaccurate time-keeping. The fusee evened this out to give a constant pull from the spring to the clock mechanism throughout the week.

These were developed alongside long case clocks from the mid 17th century and share many similar features. The shape of many early bracket clocks was very much the same as the tops (hoods) of long case clocks. They are made of similar wood and are decorated in similar manner. During the early period, few bracket clocks were made outside London and the Southeast. After 1850, cheaper bracket clocks were available from America and Europe, which led to the demise of the British bracket clock, which was a lot more expensive than the more modern import.

Bracket Clock



Bracket Clock
Wall Clocks have a round dial and are simple timepieces often with a fusee movement. After 1870 these clocks were often copied by American and German manufacturers, but with inferior movements fitted. Occasionally the clock incorporates a trunk or box below the clock, housing a longer pendulum.

Wall clocks with large dials ( some dials were up to 3 feet in diameter ) were commonly installed in public places, such as taverns and railway stations, to allow people to set their watches, or just to tell them the time. This wide usage in public places led to these clocks being known by a variety of different names, such as school clocks, railway or station clocks, tavern clocks or even “Act of Parliament” clocks.

The latter name refers to the Clock Tax which came into being in 1797, in an attempt to raise money to fund the early Napoleonic Wars. It proved such an unpopular tax that it was repealed the following year, but large public clocks still became known as Parliament Clocks because, under the Clock Tax, they were more necessary than ever to the general public.
Wall Clock



Wall Clock











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